The UE Budget

The EU budget is an important tool that puts EU policies into practice. It finances actions that Member States cannot fund on their own or that they can fund more economically by pooling their resources. The EU budget is adopted through a democratic procedure: it is prepared by the European Commission and is then discussed and agreed by the Council of the EU and by the European Parliament. Once adopted, the budget is then managed either jointly by the EU Member States and the Commission, or directly by the Commission.

UE budget

UE budget

In practice, 80 % of the EU budget is managed by national or regional governments. Through grants, loans and other forms of financing, the EU budget provides financial support to hundreds of thousands of beneficiaries.

The EU budget is largely financed by ‘own resources’ which are based on three kinds of sources:

  • customs duties on imports from outside the EU and sugar levies;
  • a small part of the value added tax levied in the EU;
  • gross national income: each Member State transfers a standard percentage of its GNI to the EU. This forms the largest source of income to the EU budget.

This system has been unanimously decided on by the EU Member States for a 7-year period, and has been ratified by all the national parliaments. Its aim is to provide a reliable and sufficient level of revenue for the EU budget, while at the same time taking into account the Member States’ ability to pay. Each Member State thus contributes in line with its wealth.

The other sources of revenue for the EU budget include taxes on EU staff salaries, fines on companies for breaching competition laws and bank interest, etc. There is no direct EU tax. EU countries remain in control of their taxes.

As 80 % of the EU budget is managed by national or regional governments, Member States also play an important role in ensuring that rules are observed, and in detecting and addressing irregularities and fraud. Additionally, the European Court of Auditors reviews the EU accounts every year. For several years the Court has confirmed that the EU accounts are properly kept, but also points out errors in procedures.

Finland

The Finns’ repeated raids on the Scandinavian coast impelled Eric IX, the Swedish king, to conquer the country in 1157. It was made a part of the Swedish kingdom and converted to Christianity. By 1809 the whole of Finland was conquered by Alexander I of Russia, who set up Finland as a grand duchy. The USSR attacked Finland on Nov. 30, 1939, after Finland refused to give in to Soviet territorial demands. The Finns staged a strong defense for three months before being forced to cede to the Soviets 16,000 sq mi. Under German pressure, the Finns joined the Nazis against Russia in 1941, but they were defeated again and forced to cede the Petsamo area to the USSR. In 1948, a treaty of friendship and mutual assistance was signed by the two nations. Running on a platform to revitalize the economy, Martti Ahtisaari won the country’s first direct presidential election in a runoff in Feb. 1994. Finland became a member of the European Union in Jan. 1995. On Jan. 1, 1999, Finland, along with ten other European countries, adopted the euro as its currency.

Finland Becomes First European Country to Have Female President and Prime Minister

Prime Minister Jaatteenmaki

Prime Minister Jaatteenmaki

In April 2003, Finland appointed its first female prime minister, making it the only country in Europe with both a female president and prime minister. But Prime Minister Jaatteenmaki resigned after only two months in office when it was revealed that she had used leaked classified information against her rival in the election. In June, Defense Minister Matti Vanhanen was selected by parliament to replace her. In Jan. 2006, President Halonen was reelected. Vanhanen’s Center Party narrowly won parliamentary elections in March 2007, and he was reelected to a second term. In the second round of presidential elections in Feb. 2012, Sauli Niinisto, a center-right former finance minister, took 63% of the vote, against 37% for the Greens’ Pekka Haavisto. Mr. Niinisto will be Finland’s first conservative head of state in more than 60 years. Jyrki Katainen, prime minister under President Niinisto, resigned in June 2014 in order to vie for a senior position in the EU. Alexander Stubb, 46, of the center-right National Coalition party, was sworn in on June 24. If you know more about Finland and want to share your knowledge, you can make you own blog with the help of www.misshowtostartablog.com.

Why You Would Want To Be A EU Citizen

Being a citizen of the EU is something that a lot of people want and in fact, many of them are fighting tooth and nail to become such right now. Either because of political strife, economic difficulties or simply because they want the advantages that come with being a legally recognized member of such a prestigious conglomerate of nations in Europe. On that note, what are these advantages that make so many people want to be part of the union and why should EU citizens be incredibly thankful that they were given such a privilege?

For one thing, you get to travel all over Europe (at least the member nations) without a problem if you have an EU passport. This means that you can visit pretty much every country that you want in order to experience the multitude of amazing, ancient cultures, from Germany to Italy and so on. This is something that a lot of other people in other countries would die to get the chance to do, especially if they are gung ho history buffs. More than travelling though is the sheer amount of work opportunities that are open to you since the restrictions for working in other countries in the EU is much less of a hurdle if you are a citizen. That means that if there are more lucrative working opportunities in Spain than where you live, you can just mosey on over there to look for work and you won’t have to jump through as many hoops if you hadn’t been a member.

EU Citizen

EU Citizen

Then there’s the matter of where you will live, which is actually something that people in a lot of other countries have a problem doing. A citizen in Indonesia for example, can’t just go to a neighbouring country to setup a house. They have to go through immigration which is a gruelling process in and of itself, and there’s the various permits that you need to get as a foreign entity planning on buying property and depending on where you want to go, you might not even get what you want.

If you have EU citizenship, you can live in any member country. As one EU citizen states, “Belonging to the EU gives me freedom of movement and allows me to live, work, study and do whatever I please anywhere in its 28 member states”. Finally, there’s the fact that the benefits that EU countries offer to their citizens as far as health, education and unemployment surpass what many other developed countries provide.

Interesting Facts About Finland

Different countries have their own language, culture, and beautiful sceneries that they boast in order to attract more tourists to visit them. Below is a list of some information regarding Finland that will make you interested in visiting the country, and might make you think about migrating.

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  • Finland is part of Fennoscandia, not Scandinavia.
  • Slot machines in casinos are monopolized by a non-profit company. They give all of the earning to charity.
  • There is a competition called as Wife Carrying World Championships held in Finland. The first prize is the wife’s weight in beer.
  • There is a golf club on the border between Sweden and Finland. Half of the holes are in one country and half in the other.
  • Recycling is important in Finland. 9 out of 10 plastic bottles are returned for recycling and almost 100% of glass bottles are also recycled.
  • Passports issued by UK, Sweden, and Finland offer visa-free travel to more countries than any other passports.
  • Between Stockholm, Sweden and Helsinki, Finland, there is a cruise ship that purchase cheap alcohol.
  • If you are thinking of earning your Ph. D., you should consider getting it in Finland because you will be given a top hat and a sword after you graduate.
  • Do you want to attend college in Finland, but you think that you can’t afford it? Don’t worry because there are tuition-free universities that offer careers in English for international students.
  • Declawing cats is banned in Finland and other countries.
  • Internet access first became a legal right in Finland back in 2010.
  • Every year, Finland increases in surface area about 7 square kilometers per year because it is rebounding from the weight of ice-age glaciers and rising out of the sea.
  • Finland is one of the countries where the Aurora Borealis or Northern Lights is visible. There is a resort where you can watch it inside a glass igloo and sleep under it.
  • The amount you get fined for speeding ticket depends on the amount you earn. The most expensive to be ever given is to Jussi Salonoja in Helsinki in 2003 with a fine of 170,000 euros for driving 80km/hr in a 40 km/hr zone.
  • There are exactly 187,888 lakes and 179,584 islands within its territory.
  • During June and July, the sun shines all day and all night in the north, not dropping below the horizon. Thus, Finland is called as ‘the land of midnight sun’.
  • If you are driving a car, it is a legal requirement to turn on your headlights at all times, whether in summer or winter, in sunlight or darkness, even under the midnight sun.
  • There are no public payphones here. There are over 5 million mobile phones for their population of 5.4 million.

Working In Finland

Finland is currently facing problems regarding their workforce. If all of the jobs will be filled by Finns only, there will be a labor shortage because the younger generation will be unable to fill the job posts. In terms of healthcare services, one in four of Finland’s young people would have to train to be nurses. This scenario is not feasible, thus there is a need to recruit people from abroad in the coming years.

Due to Finland’s situation with workers, the government is developing and establishing several policies to encourage more people from different countries to consider taking a short-term or a permanent job, and even settling in their country. Finland offers good, high-quality working conditions, employees will have a secure status, children and adolescents will enjoy good educational opportunities, public services that run smoothly, and boasting many successful internationally respected companies. In addition, the country is a wonderful northern countryside with multitude of recreational and sporting opportunities, a lively cultural life, a wide range of inexpensive study choices, clean and comfortable housing, and a society that really functions well in every way. Thus, it is worth coming to Finland.

working in finland

working in finland

If you decided to work or employ in Finland, you usually need a residence permit based on employment or residence permit for a self-employed person granted by the state of Finland. Permit granted by another country is not allowed, especially if the duration of the job is longer than 90 days. But in some cases, you can work even if you only have a residence permit or visa granted by another Schengen country. Though, you will only have the right to work in certain jobs and it applies for a maximum of 90 days, yet no longer than your visa is valid. If you have a residence permit on the ground of being a victim of human trafficking or you have a degree from Finland, then you have the right to work without limitations. And if you are a citizen of the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, or Switzerland you will not require a residence permit for Finland. Other information regarding permit matters is available from the police. As stated, you can employ yourself while you are in Finland all you need is a residence permit. The most common form of employment nowadays is online jobs and businesses. If you are interested with online business, one of the tools that you will need is marketing automation. To know more about it, just click here.

For people who finally decided to work in Finland, here are some of the important things that you need to prepare:

  • Job offers and requirements can be checked in Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment, and the European Employment Services network.
  • Check the permits that you will need to live and work at the Finnish Immigration Service website.
  • For recognizing your educational qualifications, ask for an application at recognition@oph.fi.
  • Employers will guide you regarding local services such as looking for a place to like and opening a bank account. Local authorities can help you regarding integration and language matters, education, healthcare, and social security.
  • For the list of things that you can bring in Finland, check the Finnish Customs website.
  • Register in Local Register Offices’ website if you plan to stay at least a year in Finland.
  • Check if your driving license is valid in Finnish Vehicle Administration.
  • You should also check tax administration website to know if you are required to pay taxes.

3 Tourist Attractions In Finland

From the vibrant art-filled cities of Helsinki and Turku to the depths of the boreal forests and the thinly-inhabited outer archipelago, Finland remains one of the relatively unknown corners of Europe. While the cities and towns offer many unique cultural and historical attractions, the natural surroundings serve as a playground for both winter and summer activities.

• Aland

aland

aland

The Åland Islands is an autonomous archipelago between Sweden and Finland. It was ceded to Russia by Sweden in 1809. In 1854, a combined British/French fleet took the islands, destroying the fortress. After that, the entire archipelago was demilitarized and remains so to this day. The big draw to Åland these days is its unspoiled nature and beautiful landscapes. On midsummer’s eve, Åland holds a massive and ancient celebration marking the longest day of the year. There are also a wide range of excellent places to eat and many artists’ studios to visit. The islands can be reached both from Stockholm and Turku as well as by small plane.

• Hameenlinna

hameenlinna

hameenlinna

Hämeenlinna is attractively situated on a long, narrow lake, the Vanajavesi. The town was founded by the Swedish governor, Per Brahe, in 1639 on a site to the north of the 13th-centuryTavastehus Castle, which he enlarged and strengthened. The red brick castle is one of the noted landmarks along with Aulanko Park. Its economy depends primarily on timber-processing, with some metalworking. Hämeenlinna was also the birthplace of the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius and the poet Paavo Cajander. On its east side stands the Lutheran church, with a statue of Paavo Cajander in the gardens in front of it. On the south side of the square is the Town Hall. North of the square visitors will find the Sibelius Museum, and a little bit further on, the Sibelius Park.

• Helsinki

helsinki

helsinki

Helsinki is the capital of Finland and chief town of the province of Uusimaa. The city offers a variety of cultural opportunities such as the National Museum of Finland; the Helsinki City Museum; the Finnish Art Gallery, featuring classical to modern art exhibits; and three major theaters. Around the city itself, various suburbs grew up from 1950 onwards, most of them outside the city limits in the province of Uusimaa. The only relics of the past in these towns are a few old churches and pastors’ houses in gray stone.

Chasing Northern Lights

The Northern Lights are one of nature’s most spectacular phenomenon and Lapland is the perfect destination to witness the magic for yourself. On average the Aurora Borealis appear in the sky around 200 times per year, so there is plenty of opportunity to spot them if luck is on your side.

aurora borealis

aurora borealis

The thrill of witnessing the Aurora Borealis is once-in-a-lifetime experience for many. Some, however, get hooked and can never get enough of the blazing colors in the sky. The Northern Lights dancing up above is such a powerful and unique natural phenomenon it changes lives down on Earth. Being one of the best places to spot the Aurorae, Finland has even received immigration because of them. Below are some tips for becoming a Northern Lights Hunter yourself.

  • Go north. In northern Lapland the lights shine about every other clear night between September and March. In southern Finland they are visible on about 10-20 nights a year.
  • Look to the stars. If you notice that the night sky is clear and starry, your chances of seeing the northern lights are good.
  • Stay outside. The lights might unexpectedly appear and just as suddenly vanish any time from just after sunset to just before dawn. Bright aurora displays can even light up the snowy arctic landscape enough to help skiers find the way home.
  • Wrap up warm. It tends to be very chilly on the clear winter nights when the lights are most easily seen. A great alternative, of course, is to stay in a purpose-built igloo and watch the lights from a comfy, warm bed instead.
  • Darkness is your friend. Get away from bright lights and buildings. Hilltops and lakeshores make good vantage points.
  • Sign up for aurora alerts. On the Finnish Meteorological Institute’s informative Auroras Now Website, you can sign up for free e-mail alerts sent whenever magnetic conditions in the skies over Finland make aurora displays likely.

Though they might look almost within reach, auroras form at altitudes of over 100 km. Auroras are caused by electronically charged particles originating from the sun. Multi-colored displays form when different atmospheric gases are agitated by this solar wind. If you want to know more about the Northern Lights and want to visit other websites you can try to buy proxies on buyproxies.io to make your visits anonymous.

Documents That You Need For Travel In Europe

Travelling in different country means that you need to prepare necessary documents like valid identification cards, passport, and visa. If you are an EU national, you do not need to show your national ID card or passport when you travel from one border-free Schengen EU country to another. However, it is still highly recommended for you to take it with you, so that you can prove your identity if ever you need to. It is possible that Schengen EU countries to adopt national rules that obliges a person with EU nationality to hold or carry papers and documents when they are present on the territory. Note that driving license, post, bank, or tax cards are not accepted as valid travel documents or proof of identity.

Here is the list of border-free Schengen areas:

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland

Though part of the EU, there are countries that still require a person with an EU nationality to show a valid ID card or passport when travelling. Countries that do not belong to the border-free Schengen area include Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania, and the United Kingdom. Thus, it is important that you check the documents you must have before travelling outside your home country and enter non-Schengen EU country you plan to visit.

travel in europe

travel in europe

If you are a non-EU national and wanted to visit or travel within the EU, you will need a passport that should be valid for at least 3 months after the date you intend to leave the EU country you are visiting and was issued within the previous 10 years. Plus, you might possibly need a visa. To apply for a visa, you need to go to the consulate or embassy of the country you are visiting. If you are able to obtain a visa from a Schengen area country then it automatically allows you to travel to other Schengen countries as well. A valid residence permit from one of Schengen countries is equivalent to a visa. To be able to visit non-Schengen countries, you may need a national visa. Border officials in EU countries may ask for other supporting documents such as invitation letter, proof of lodging, return or round-trip ticket. Don’t forget your travel, health, and/or car insurance documents. Note that there are a number of countries whose nationals do not need a visa to visit the EU for three months or less. In addition, there is a list of countries whose nationals require visas to travel to the United Kingdom or Ireland that differs slightly from other EU countries. UK and Ireland have entry conditions that are based on their respective national law, which differ from the EU rules.

Members Of The European Union

The European Union is an economic and political union of 28 countries. It operates an internal market where there is free movement of goods, capital, services, and people between the members. Over the past fifty years, EU has promoted economic growth and strengthened democratic forces in countries emerging from dictatorship. Members of the EU are the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

european union

european union

The establishment of EU was after the World War II. The first goal is to foster economic cooperation; with the idea that the member countries will trade with one another and become economically interdependent so that they will avoid conflict. The EU was not always as big as it is today. It started in 1951 with only six members with Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. As the years passed by, more and more countries decided to join. In 1973, several other West European countries joined. After the collapse of regimes of many former communist countries from central and Eastern Europe in 1989, they also joined the EU in two waves between 2004 and 2007. The latest member that joined the EU was Croatia on July 1, 2013.

According to the Treaty on European Union, any European country may apply for membership if it respects the EU’s democratic values and is committed to promoting them. Other criteria to be fulfilled includes: political, where the country must have a stable institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law and human rights; economic, meaning that the country must have a functioning market economy and be able to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the EU; legal, where the country must accept the established EU law and practice especially the major goals of political, economic, and monetary union.

After the application, there are 3 stages of processing where all are subjected to the approval by all existing EU countries. First, a country is offered the prospect of membership. Second, the country becomes an official candidate for membership. Third, the candidate moves on to the formal membership negotiation, where it involves reform in order to adopt with the established EU law. After the third process has been completed, where EU and the country are both satisfied, then the country can join the EU if all existing members agree.

If you need more information about European Union and its existing members, you can read other sources like informative blogs. If you have your own blog and wanted to increase visitors in your website, then I recommend for you to buy website traffic. There are several sites that offer this kind of service and the best selling sites on buywebsitetrafficreviews.org.

Finland In European Union

Finland is one of the five Nordic countries and the northernmost country in the European Union. The country is bordered by Sweden to the west, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. The country’s most important sectors were public administration, defense, education, human health and social work activities, industry, and wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation, and food services. Their main export and import partners are Germany, Sweden, and Russia.

Finland is famous for several things including Aurora Borealis, Midnight sun, Finnish sauna, clean lakes, wild nature, ski resorts and routes, and of course, the Real Santa Claus. The Aurora Borealis is one of the remarkable features of Finland. The Northern Lights appear and lighten the sky during the dark winter. You will have greater chance of spotting the Aurora Borealis the further you go to the north. The midnight sun or white summer nights are the most iconic natural phenomena that happen in Finland. It is strongest during the months of June and July and can be observed in the northernmost parts of the country from May to August.

finland

finland

Finland complied with the European Union back in 1995. The country promotes the development of the European Union as a financial, political, and security organization. The main goal is to strengthen Finland’s security and prosperity. The country also uses euro as their official currency. Moreover, Finland is also a part to the Schengen Agreement that has eliminated border controls between Finland and other Schengen countries.

Finland’s positions on EU issues are handles by several departments. A coordination system has been established, which is responsible for the preparation and monitoring of affairs relating to the EU. The system involves the Cabinet Committee on European Union Affairs, the Committee for EU Affairs and its EU sub-committees. The Government EU Affairs Department serves as the secretariat for the Cabinet Committee on European Union Affairs and the Committee for EU Affairs. The Permanent Representation of Finland to the European Union in Brussels also participates in the preparation of EU affairs. Their main task is to ensure that Finland’s interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU.

Understanding EU Citizenship

EU Citizenship

EU Citizenship

The European Union currently consists of 28 member states, where each country belongs to a collective, but still retains its unique identity and laws. It doesn’t necessarily mean that the European continent has fused into one country. Other non-EU countries like Norway, Switzerland, Iceland, and Liechtenstein are participating with them. There are four categories that typically classify citizens from all EU countries:

  1. Citizens that are born in the country;
  2. Repatriated citizens from abroad;
  3. EU citizens from another country;
  4. Non-EU citizens – means that nationality is unimportant

If you wanted to apply for qualifying for citizenship, you have to consult each country or member states because each has its own unique requirements. Some people make a blog about EU citizenship and share their experience. Some of them insert Google Maps with HTML in their website, to help people about their destinations or where they should go to inquire about EU citizenship. There isn’t a standard list of rules for the entire EU members.

  • Easiest EU citizenship: The ‘easiest’ way to claim EU citizenship and with the shortest amount of waiting time is through ancestral link, or if your ancestor was born in an EU country. You don’t need to have residency, speak the language, pay a fee, or even visit the country to grant them citizenship.
  • Another way to get EU citizenship: If you were not born in an EU country or don’t have any ancestor from EU, then you can reside legally in one of the EU countries for a number of years and go through naturalization.
  • Marrying a person with EU citizenship: The citizenship is not transferable. In some countries it may only shorten the waiting time for the application. Note that EU citizenship application involves a length of legal residency inside one of the EU countries, sometimes having a child, speaking the native language, and requiring through formal naturalization process.
  • Dual citizenship with EU: Any person can apply for dual citizenship as long as it does not violate the current rules of the first citizenship. The person should meet the requirements and apply with the EU country they prefer. There is no special application process, and there is no need to hire a lawyer, agency or other third party. Remember that you have to check first if both countries allow dual citizenship because some EU countries don’t.
  • Purchasing EU citizenship: Note that anyone who promises EU citizenship for a price is a scammer that conducts illegal activity. Anyone found purchasing fake citizenship papers will be charged with forgery and will serve jail time.

European Citizenship

Anyone who holds a nationality of an EU country is automatically also an EU citizen. However, it does not replace national citizenship but is an additional to it. Depending on the EU country of citizenship, they lay down the conditions for the acquisition and loss of nationality for that specific country. This legal concept of citizenship was formally introduced into the EC Treaty in 1993 by the Treaty of Maastricht, but is now addressed in Part II of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Articles 20-24). In the Article 9 of the Treaty of European Union, citizenship was given a formal constitution status in the EU legal order. It states that “Every national of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. Citizenship of the Union shall be additional to and not replace national citizenship.”

european citizenship

european citizenship

European citizens are able to enjoy a bundle of legal rights by virtue of their status. The following rights apply to all EU citizens:

  • Move and reside freely within the EU;
  • Vote for and stand as a candidate in European Parliament and municipal elections;
  • Be protected by the diplomatic and consular authorities of any other EU country;
  • Petition the European Parliament and complain to the European Ombudsman.

Other rights for EU citizens include:

  • The right to contact and receive a response from any EU institution in one of the EU’s official languages;
  • The right to access European Parliament, European Commission and Council documents under certain conditions; and
  • The right of equal access to the EU Civil Service.

In addition, the Treaty also prohibits discrimination on the basis of nationality. With the Lisbon Treaty, it introduced a new form of public participation for European citizens, the Citizen’s initiative. This allows one million citizens who are nationals of a significant number of EU countries to call directly on the European Commission to bring forward an initiative of interest to them within the framework of its powers.